History of the Tribunal

1983

The Review Tribunal is established through an amendment to the Canada Agricultural Products Standards Act (which becomes the Canada Agricultural Products Act in 1985). The Review Tribunal is responsible for reviewing decisions made by the Board of Arbitration in regard to licensing for fruit and vegetable dealers.

1988

The Canada Agricultural Products Act 1985 comes into force, continuing the Review Tribunal established under the Canada Agricultural Products Standards Act in 1983.

1997

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), one of the agencies over which the Tribunal exercises its current review jurisdiction, is established through the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act, as an amalgamation of inspection services branches of various governmental ministries, responsible for the administration and enforcement of several agriculture and food-related Acts.

1997

An agricultural administrative monetary penalties system comes into force through the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act. Persons receiving notices of violation under the Act can request a review by the Tribunal of the facts of their notice of violation.

1999

Rules of the Review Tribunal (Agriculture and Agri-Food) are adopted, setting out the rules of procedure for all cases coming before the Review Tribunal, whether reviews are brought on the basis of the Canada Agricultural Products Act or the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act.

2000

Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations for the Health of Animals Act and Health of Animals Regulations and for the Plant Protection Act and Plant Protection Regulations are passed, giving review jurisdiction to the Tribunal for notices of violation issued under these pieces of legislation.

2000

The Pest Management Regulatory Agency of Health Canada, one of the agencies over which the Tribunal exercises its current review jurisdiction, takes over enforcement for non-compliance under the Pest Control Products Act and Regulations.

2001

Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations Respecting the Pest Control Products Act and Regulations are passed, giving review jurisdiction to the Tribunal for notices of violation issued under these pieces of legislation.

2005

The Canada Border Services Agency becomes provider, on behalf of the CFIA, of enforcement and compliance for border matters under the Health of Animals Act and Regulations and the Plant Protection and Regulations.

2009

The Tribunal's name is changed from Review Tribunal to the Canada Agricultural Review Tribunal.

2010

Fines under the Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act are increased and cases coming for review to the Tribunal increase as a result.

2014

Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations for the Meat Inspection Act are passed, giving review jurisdiction to the Tribunal for notices of violation issued under these pieces of legislation.